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World crude steel output increases by 1.2% in 2012 2013-01-23[back]

World crude steel output increases by 1.2% in 2012

World crude steel production reached 1,548 megatonnes (Mt) for the year 2012, up by 1.2% compared to 2011. This is a record for global crude steel production.

The growth came mainly from Asia and North America while crude steel production in the EU (27) and South America decreased in 2012 compared to 2011.

Annual production for Asia was 1,012.7 Mt of crude steel in 2012, an increase of 2.6% compared to 2011. The region’s share of world steel production increased slightly from 64.5% in 2011 to 65.4% in 2012. China’s crude steel production in 2012 reached 716.5 Mt, an increase of 3.1% on 2011. China’s share of world crude steel production increased from 45.4% in 2011 to 46.3% in 2012. Japan produced 107.2 Mt in 2012, a -0.3% decrease from 2011. In 2012, South Korea’s crude steel production was 69.3 Mt, a 1.2% increase compared to 2011.

The EU recorded a decrease of -4.7% compared to 2011, producing 169.4 Mt of crude steel in 2012. Germany produced 42.7 Mt of crude steel in 2012, a decrease of -3.7% on 2011. Italy produced 27.2 Mt in 2012, a -5.2% decrease over 2011. France’s crude steel production in 2012 was 15.6 Mt, a decrease of -1.1%. Spain produced 13.6 Mt of crude steel in 2012, a -12.1% decrease on 2011.

In 2012, crude steel production in North America was 121.9 Mt, an increase of 2.5% on 2011. The US produced 88.6 Mt of crude steel, 2.5% higher than 2011.

The CIS showed a decrease of -1.2% in 2012, producing 111.3 Mt of crude steel. Russia produced 68.9 Mt of crude steel, a 2.5% increase on 2011 and Ukraine recorded a decrease of -6.9% with a year-end figure of 32.9 Mt.

 

Annual crude steel production for South America was 46.9 Mt in 2012, a decrease of -3.0% on 2011. Brazil produced 34.7 Mt in 2012, down by -1.5% compared to 2011.

 

 

Table 1: Top 10 steel-producing countries

 

 

Rank

Country

2012 (Mt)

2011(Mt)

2012/2011(%)

1

China

716.5

694.8

3.1

2

Japan

107.2

107.6

-0.3

3

United States

88.6

86.4

2.5

4

India

76.7

73.6

4.3

5

Russia

70.6

68.9

2.5

6

South Korea

69.3

68.5

1.2

7

Germany

42.7

44.3

-3.7

8

Turkey

35.9

34.1

5.2

9

Brazil

34.7

35.2

-1.5

10

Ukraine

32.9

35.3

-6.9

In December 2012, world crude steel production for the 62 countries reporting to the World Steel Association (worldsteel) was 121.3 Mt, an increase of 2.4% compared to December 2011. The crude steel capacity utilisation ratio of the 62 countries in December 2012 declined to 73.2% compared to 76.1% in November 2012.The average capacity utilisation ratio in 2012 was 78.8% compared to 80.7% in 2011.

 

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